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Медико-биологические и социально-психологические проблемы безопасности в чрезвычайных ситуациях

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Преимущества и недостатки использования вертолетов для санитарно-авиационной эвакуации пострадавших с травмой (обзор литературы)

https://doi.org/10.25016/2541-7487-2021-0-2-70-79

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Аннотация

Актуальность. К настоящему времени не определены четкие критерии и оптимальные логистические условия применения вертолетов для санитарно-авиационной эвакуации травмированных пострадавших с места происшествия и из зоны чрезвычайных ситуаций.
Цель – рассмотреть современные научные взгляды на проблему использования вертолетов для санитарно-авиационной эвакуации пострадавших с места получения травмы.
Методология. Проведен поиск литературных источников в базе данных PubMed и на платформе Научной электронной библиотеки (eLIBRARY.ru), опубликованных за период с 2015 по 2020 г.
Результаты и их анализ. Преимуществами санитарно-авиационной эвакуации вертолетами являются возможность сократить догоспитальный период, доставить пострадавших из труднодоступных районов напрямую в травмоцентры высокого уровня, оказать расширенную догоспитальную помощь силами высококвалифицированных авиамедицинских бригад. Использование вертолетов сопряжено с рисками для жизни экипажа, требует значительных финансовых затрат и специального оборудования, ограничивается отсутствием посадочных площадок, погодными условиями и в ночное время. Эффективность использования вертолетов санитарной авиации зависит от географических и демографических факторов, уровня травматизма, состояния дорожной сети в регионе, удаленности станций скорой помощи, баз вертолетов и травмоцентров, степени взаимодействия служб спасения и специалистов стационаров.
Заключение. Эвакуация пострадавших с места происшествия вертолетами санитарной авиации может значимо снизить летальность при тяжелых травмах.

Об авторах

Ю. Г. Шапкин
Саратовский государственный медицинский университет им. В.И. Разумовского
Россия

Шапкин Юрий Григорьевич – д-р мед. наук проф., зав. каф. общ. хирургии

г. Саратов, ул. Б. Казачья, д. 112



П. А. Селиверстов
Саратовский государственный медицинский университет им. В.И. Разумовского
Россия

Селиверстов Павел Андреевич – канд. мед. наук, ассистент каф. общ. хирургии

г. Саратов, ул. Б. Казачья, д. 112



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Для цитирования:


Шапкин Ю.Г., Селиверстов П.А. Преимущества и недостатки использования вертолетов для санитарно-авиационной эвакуации пострадавших с травмой (обзор литературы). Медико-биологические и социально-психологические проблемы безопасности в чрезвычайных ситуациях. 2021;(2):70-79. https://doi.org/10.25016/2541-7487-2021-0-2-70-79

For citation:


Shapkin Yu.G., Seliverstov P.A. Advantages and disadvantages of using helicopters for air medical evacuation of victims with traumas (literature review). Medicо-Biological and Socio-Psychological Problems of Safety in Emergency Situations. 2021;(2):70-79. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.25016/2541-7487-2021-0-2-70-79

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ISSN 2541-7487 (Online)